Overall Average

What We've Learned

The average arts and cultural organization paid for just over half of its cash expenses with unrestricted contributed funds.

Our Formula: Contributed Revenue

Ave. Unrestricted Contributed Revenue

Ave. Total Expenses (before depreciation)

Unrestricted Contributed Revenue

Unrestricted contributed revenue includes revenue from individuals, corporations, foundations, and government agencies that derive no direct benefit from products or services of the organization in exchange for the funds. Unrestricted contributed revenue supports operating activity but it may include unrestricted capital campaign gifts or other funds for non-operating purposes.

Total Expenses (Before Depreciation)

Following Nonprofit Finance Fund’s encouragement to examine performance on a strictly operating basis, we look at expenses before depreciation since depreciation is a non-cash expense that accounts for the reduced value of assets due to their use over the year.

View CDP Survey Lines Used

High Performance Indicators: Contributed Revenue

  • Driving Force Factors

  • Key Intangible Performance Indicators

  • Random

Identifying High Performance Indicators

One reason performance may be better is simply that the managing and/or artistic leadership make good decisions. This likely grows out of years of experience, learning, and developed expertise that forms an intangible yet essential ingredient. It is difficult to observe and measure but not impossible. We capture this as a Key Intangible Performance Indicator (KIPI). KIPIs allow us to determine that 56% of Unrestricted Contributed Revenue and 60% of expenses can be attributed to good decision-making, for example. These high percentages imply that there exists a significant store of intellectual capital that is driving the difference between low-performing and high-performing arts and cultural organizations with respect to these measures. Learn more»

View List of Markets

Individual Markets (CBSA Name):

  • New York-White Plains-Wayne, NY-NJ
  • Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale
  • Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights
  • San Francisco-Redwood City-So. S.F.
  • Washington-Arlington-Alexandria-Bethesda-Rockville-Fredericksburg

View List of Markets

Large Markets (CBSA Name):

  • Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA
  • Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX
  • Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX
  • Minneapolis-St Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI
  • Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ
  • Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA
  • San Diego-Carlsbad, CA
  • Santa Ana-Anaheim-Irvine, CA

View List of Markets

Medium Markets (CBSA Name):

  • Boston-Quincy, MA
  • Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia, MI
  • Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley, CA
  • Philadelphia, PA
  • Columbus, OH
  • Pittsburgh, PA
  • Sacramento-Roseville-Arden-Aracade, CA

View List of Markets

Small Markets (CBSA Name):

  • Lake County-Kenosha County, IL-WI
  • Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY
  • Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ
  • Bakersfield, CA
  • Dayton, OH
  • Fresno, CA
  • Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI
  • New Haven-Milford, CT
  • Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA
  • Peabody, MA
  • Rochester, NY
  • Tucson, AZ
  • Worcester, MA

View List of Markets

Very Small Markets (CBSA Name):

  • Wilmington, DE
  • Akron, OH
  • Toledo, OH
  • Lima; OH
  • Altoona, PA
  • Gettysburg, PA
  • Pottsville, PA
  • Alpena, MI
  • Ann Arbor, MI
  • Bay City, MI
  • Peoria, IL
  • Decatur, IL
  • Danville, IL
  • St Cloud, MN
  • Fergus Falls, MN
  • Duluth, MN-WI
  • Modesto, CA
  • Red Bluff, CA
  • Santa Cruz-Watsonville, CA
  • Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta, CA
  • Bishop, CA
  • Yuma, AZ
  • Flagstaff, AZ
  • Lake Havasu City-Kingman, AZ
  • Nogales, AZ
  • Ithaca, NY
  • Glens Falls, NY
  • Barre, VT
  • Barnstable Town, MA
  • Trenton, NJ
  • Cambridge, MD

Contributed Revenue


To what extent do unrestricted contributions cover expenses?


What We've Learned

The average arts and cultural organization paid for just over half of its cash expenses with unrestricted contributed funds.